Limyaael (limyaael) wrote,

The Victorian list so far

Thank you very much to everyone who made suggestions on the last post about Victorian novels concerning gender! This is far from a final copy, as I haven't yet met with my professor, but it was the one I sent to her to consider. It's balanced as far as I can make it between canonical works which I can't ignore, canonical female writers, canonical male writers doing works that relate to gender, and little-known or little-studied female writers.

Historical List: Speaking in Gendered Voices

1. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) by Mary Wollstonecraft
2. The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) by Anne Radcliffe*
3. Belinda (1801) by Maria Edgeworth
4. The Lady in the Lake (1810) by Sir Walter Scott
5. Emma (1815) by Jane Austen**
6. “Christabel” (1816) by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
7. Manfred (1817) by George Gordon, Lord Byron***
8. Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
9. “Lamia,” “The Eve of St. Agnes,” “Isabella, or the Pot of Basil,” and “Ode to Psyche” (1820) by John Keats
10. Prometheus Unbound (1820) by Percy Bysshe Shelley
11. Records of Women, With Other Poems (1828) by Felicia Hemans
12. Fugitive Verses (1840) by Joanna Baille
13. Jane Eyre (1847) by Charlotte Brontë****
14. The Princess (1847) by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
15. Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë*****
16. Household Education (1848) by Harriet Martineau
17. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) by Anne Brontë
18. Vanity Fair (1848) by William Makepeace Thackeray
19. Bleak House (1853) by Charles Dickens
20. North and South (1855) by Elizabeth Gaskell
21. Aurora Leigh (1856) by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
22. The Defence of Guenevere and Other Poems (1858) by William Morris
23. The Origin of Species (1859) by Charles Darwin
24. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám (1859) trans. by Edward Fitzgerald
25. Selections from Modern Painters (1860) by John Ruskin
26. The Woman in White (1860) by Wilkie Collins
27. “Goblin Market” (1862) and Monna Innominata: A Sonnet of Sonnets (1881) by Christina Rossetti
28. Lady Audley’s Secret (1862) by Mary Elizabeth Braddon
29. “Modern Love” (1862) by George Meredith******
30. Dramatis Personae (1864) by Robert Browning
31. Alice in Wonderland (1865) by Lewis Carroll
32. “The Triumph of Time,” “Anactoria,” “Satia Te Sanguine,” “Dolores,” “The Garden of Proserpine,” “Hesperia,” and “Hymn to Proserpine” (1866) by Algernon Charles Swinburne
33. Idylls of the King (1869) by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
34. “The Subjection of Women” (1869) by John Stuart Mill
35. “Jenny,” “The Blessed Damozel,” and Sonnets and Songs, towards a work to be called The House of Life (1870) by Dante Gabriel Rossetti
36. The Eustace Diamonds (1871) by Anthony Trollope
37. Middlemarch (1871) by George Eliot
38. Studies in the History of the Renaissance (1873) by Walter Pater
39. Daniel Deronda (1876) by George Eliot
40. Culture and Anarchy (1882) by Matthew Arnold
41. She (1887) by H. Rider Haggard
42. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1887) by Robert Louis Stevenson
43. Tess of the d’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman (1891) by Thomas Hardy*******
44. The Picture of Dorian Grey (1891) by Oscar Wilde
45. The Jungle Book (1894 and 1895) by Rudyard Kipling
46. Birds of Passage: Songs of the Orient and the Occident (1895) by Mathilde Blind
47. Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker
48. The Wind Among the Reeds (1899) by William Butler Yeats
49. Heart of Darkness (1902) by Joseph Conrad
50. Green Mansions: A Romance of the Tropical Forest (1904) by W. H. Hudson
51. The Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins (1918) by Gerard Manley Hopkins

*I read The Mysteries of Udolpho for a class on Jane Austen, so we could see exactly what she was parodying in Northanger Abbey. I spent most of the time while I read the book wanting to kill the heroine, and the hero when he showed up, with a sledgehammer. But it would be kind of hard to ignore Radcliffe, and at least I know this book deals with gender issues, however much I hate it.

**Arguably, any Jane Austen novel deals with gender, and an even better choice may have been Lady Susan. But I love Emma so, and it does have a nice focus on female friendship and issues of marriage.

***Byron is one of those problem authors; I feel I can't ignore him, yet a lot of what I've read of his I've only studied as it relates to nature, comedy, or travel. However, I remember Manfred having incest. We'll see how this works.

****I am one of the three female English majors in the world who did not adore Jane Eyre. I may replace this with Villette, which at least has the virtue of being new to me.

*****I have tried five times to make it through Wuthering Heights. I have to read it, I know, but I do not have to like it.

******I suspect I may have to fight to keep "Modern Love" on there, as Meredith is more known for being a novelist than a poet. But "Modern Love" really is fascinating; a not-quite-sonnet sequence (every poem has sixteen lines instead of fourteen) that examines the way Meredith's marriage decayed and fell apart. There is not a trace of self-pity in the thing. I want it there.

*******I loathed Tess when I first read it. Sometimes I think this was because of the teacher I had at the time, who not only made gender issues the focus of the class, but told us that anyone female who didn't identify with female characters was oppressed even if she didn't know it. She kept telling me "gently" to give up studying male poets and authors, because all I would learn from them was how to be oppressed. Then why put Tess on the syllabus, you dingdong? But on the other hand, I liked other texts I encountered for the first time in that class, especially Rossetti's "Jenny." So I'll have to read Tess again, I think, as I have no idea what I would think of it now.

Tags: revised victorian list
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